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Majority of House urges Obama address forex in Asia trade talks

A picture illustration shows U.S. 100 dollar bank notes and Japanese 10,000 yen notes taken in Tokyo August 2, 2011. REUTERS/Yuriko Nakao
A picture illustration shows U.S. 100 dollar bank notes and Japanese 10,000 yen notes taken in Tokyo August 2, 2011. REUTERS/Yuriko Nakao

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A majority of the House of Representatives has signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to insist on new rules against currency manipulation in a proposed trade agreement with Japan and 10 other countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

"As the United States continues to negotiate the Trans-Pacific Partnership, it is imperative that the agreement address currency manipulation," the letter released on Thursday said. It was signed by 226 lawmakers, including 177 Democrats and 49 Republicans.

The lawmakers sent it on Thursday so that it would coincide with testimony Obama's nominee for U.S. Trade Representative, Mike Froman, was set to deliver before the Senate Finance Committee, which is considering his nomination.

The United States has not pressed for rules against currency manipulation in its previous free-trade deals, but some lawmakers and industry groups are concerned that Japan might be deliberately weakening its yen to help its exporters.

"Over the last couple years I've been in countless meetings with USTR and Treasury pressing them to include meaningful currency provisions in our trade agreements," said Representative Michael Michaud, a Maine Democrat who was one of the driving forces behind the letter. "To date they have done nothing. I'm hopeful this strong bipartisan letter convinces them to finally take action. American jobs are at stake."

The Obama administration hopes to finish talks on the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP, by the end of the year, and making new demands on an issue as contentious as currency could slow the negotiations.

The American Automotive Policy Council and two other manufacturing groups, the Alliance for American Manufacturing and the American Iron and Steel Institute, applauded the letter.

"Strong, enforceable rules prohibiting currency manipulation must be included in the trade agreement, but before Japan can be allowed to become a TPP partner, it must establish a clear record demonstrating that its domestic auto market is completely open to foreign competition," said AAPC President Matt Blunt.

Many lawmakers also want to send a message to China, which many believe is the worst currency manipulator, even though it is not a part of the TPP talks.

"Incorporating currency provisions in the agreement will strengthen our ability to combat these unfair trade practices and help to create a level playing field for American workers, businesses, and farmers," the lawmakers said in the letter.

Most Japanese brand autos sold in the United States are made in North America, rather than imported from Japan, according to Global Automakers, a group that represents Japanese, South Korean and some European auto companies.

In a letter earlier this month to U.S. lawmakers, the group argued against including currency provisions in the TPP pact since it would only cover 12 countries.

In addition, Japan is essentially pursuing the same policy of "quantitative easing" that the Federal Reserve has used to revive the U.S. economy, the Global Automakers said.

"If currency provisions were included in the TPP, those disciplines would also apply to U.S. policies, restricting our own economic policy options necessary to each future economic growth," the group said.

The push to include currency rules in the TPP has support at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, a non-partisan think-tank based in Washington, which estimates currency manipulation by China and other countries has cost the United States as many as 1 million jobs.

Fred Bergsten, a senior fellow and director emeritus at the institute, has urged the United States to push for currency rules in both the TPP and in talks on a proposed agreement with the European Union, which are expected to begin July.

That would be a step toward forging rules covering more countries in the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund, Bergsten said.

(Reporting by Doug Palmer; Editing by Neil Stempleman and Tim Ahmann)

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